Human Language & Communication: Words, Meaning, and Misunderstandings

Language provides the cognitive scaffolding upon which lexical thought and speech are constructed. Thought and speech, in turn, facilitate complex intrapersonal and interpersonal communication, respectively. Given the importance of language to human cognition and social function, it may not surprise the reader to learn that the average native English speaker knows a staggering 40,000 words […]

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Job Burnout: Risks, Protective Factors, and Prevention

Job burnout is a ubiquitous challenge in the workplace; however, the affliction seems to be particularly prevalent among physicians. In a recent article published in the journal Academic Psychiatry Drs. MacKinnon and Murray argued that to inspire change advocates should reframe burnout as an organizational problem.1 Until now, most policies have focused on individual-level interventions to […]

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The Mortality Benefits of Exercise

In our previous article, we explored the positive relationship between regular exercise and mental wellbeing. In today’s article, we will examine the relationship between exercise and mortality. Let’s begin by reviewing some key points from our previous article. The Centers for Disease Control (“CDC”) and the World Health Organization (“WHO”) both recommend a weekly regimen […]

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Exercise: a Prescription for Depression

Exercise is the adult equivalent of the toddler’s broccoli. The more we are told that exercise is good for us, the more entrenched we become in our corporeal stagnation. There hardly exists a form of media that does not participate in the admonishment. Even in our local grocery store, no sooner have we filled our […]

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Ten Plant-Based Medicines That Altered the Course of Human History

10. Vincristine & Vinblastine Vincristine and vinblastine are two related chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat cancer. Vincristine is used most often to treat non-Hodgkin’s and Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Vinblastine is also used to treat Hodgkin’s lymphoma as well as non-small cell lung cancer, bladder cancer, and many other cancers. Before vincristine and vinblastine were exotic-sounding chemotherapeutic […]

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Why We Wash Our Hands Before Surgery

For every 10 pregnant women who walked into a hospital in 1840s Europe, only 9 would ever leave.1 One in 10 pregnant women died of a disease known at the time as puerperal fever, a bacterial infection of the female reproductive tract in the postpartum period that can spread to the blood and produce sepsis.2 […]

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The Neuroscience of Movement

This is part three of our four-part introduction to neuroscience series. For a review of the five senses, please see our previous article. A review of the foundational concepts in neuroscience may also serve to enhance the reader’s understanding of the forthcoming article. We have included a review of the anatomical terms of location below to […]

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